27.3.2017

TR

This document was prepared and published as part of a projectentitled ‘Protecting Minority Rights and Combating Discriminationin Turkey’, carried out in partnership with the Foundation forSociety and Legal Studies (TOHAV), the Diyarbakir BarAssociation, Minority Rights Group International (MRG) andthe Mesopotamian Culture and Solidarity Association(MEZODER).The aim of this project is the protection of the ethnic, linguisticand religious rights enshrined in European standards (andreflected in the Copenhagen Criteria) of minorities in Turkey.The project focuses on the problem of displacement, anddeveloping proposals for its resolution.This document was prepared in order to explain thephenomenon of displacement in Turkey and associatedproblems, especially those concerning property, to remind thestate of its obligations under international human rights lawand EU standards, and to make concrete proposals for solutions.This document was prepared with the financial support of theEU. The contents of the document are entirely the responsibilityof the project partners, and in no way represent the views ofthe EU.For further information about the EU, please visit the officialwebsite of the Union: http://europa.eu/index_en.htm

 

© Toplum ve Hukuk Araştırmaları Vakfı (TOHAV) 2006

 

The Problem of Turkey’s Displaced PersonsAn Action Plan for Their Return and CompensationNurcan Kaya, Ruhşen Doğan, Soetkin Meertens, Yaşar Aydın

Contents

 

Abbreviations……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………2A. Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..3B. Definition………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………4i. Internally Displaced Personsii. Refugees and Persons Living Outside the Borders of TurkeyC. Displacement In Turkey: The Background…………………………………………………………………………5D. The Causes of Displacement…………………………………………………………………………………………..6i. The State of Emergency Law and its Implementationii. The Village Guard Systemiii. The Prohibition on Accessing Pastures and Landminesiv. Economic Reasons and Infrastructure ProjectsE. Problems Currently Experienced By Displaced Persons……………………………………………………..8i. Problems Experienced by IDPs Living in Citiesa. Housing and Basic Needsb. Economic, Social and Cultural Problemsii. Property Issuesa. Backgroundb. CompensationF. Return…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………13i. Past Projectsa. The ‘Village Town’ Projectb. The Return to Village and Rehabilitation Project (RVRP)c. Project for Support to the Development of an IDP Programme in Turkeyii. Problems Related to Returna. Problems Related to Securityb. Access to Basic Services and InfrastructureG. Human Rights of Displaced Persons Under International Human Rights Law………………………16i. General Protectionii. Special Rights of Displaced PersonsH. Example: Return Restitution Compensation Process: Bosnia And Herzegovina…………………..19i. The Right to Returnii. A Rights-based Approach to Property Restitutioniii. Completion of Property Law Implementationiv. Special Temporary Measuresv. Compensationvi. Exit Strategyvii. Conclusionviii. General Principles to be Deduced from the Bosnia Herzegovina Experience,in Relation to Displacement in TurkeyI. Recommendations………………………………………………………………………………………………………..23i. Recommendations to the Government:a. Policy for the Displaced and the Definition of IDPsb. Securityc. Return: Reconstructiond. Compensationii. Special Measures to be Taken for IDPs Living in Urban Areasiii. Recommendations for Local Administrationiv. Recommendations to International Mechanismsv. Recommendations to NGOsJ. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..29Bibliography…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….30ContentsThe Problem of Turkey’s Displaced PersonsAn Action Plan for Their Return and CompensationNurcan Kaya, Ruhşen Doğan, Soetkin Meertens, Yaşar AydınECHR European Convention on Human RightsECtHR European Court of Human RightsEU European UnionGÖÇ-DER Association for Migrants, SocialAssistance and CultureHRA Human Rights AssociationHRW Human Rights WatchICCPR International Covenant on Civil andPolitical RightsICERD International Convention on theElimination of All Forms of RacialDiscriminationIDP Internally displaced personIOM International Organization for MigrationKHRP Kurdish Human Rights ProjectLD Legal decreeMAZLUM-DER Organization of Human Rights andSolidarity for

 

Eklenmiş Dosya : action plan tr